NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF MYCOLOGY

The Official Journal of the Mycological Society of Nigeria ( MYCOSON)

Welcome to Nigerian Journal of Mycology

WELCOME ADDRESS BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE MYCOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF NIGERIA, PROFESSOR B. A. OSO AT THE NINTH ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE SOCIETY HELD AT THE ABIA STATE UNIVERSITY,   UTURU, ABIA STATE. 10TH –13TH DECEMBER, 2017.

I welcome you all to the nineth annual conference of the Mycological Society of Nigeria holding at the Abia State University, Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria. Let me seize this opportunity to thank the participants from Abia State university present at the 8th national conference held at the Federal University, Ndufu-Alike Ikwo,Ebonyi State led by Professor (Mrs) N.B. Onyike for volunteering at that meeting to host us in their university this year. We appreciate you. I was particularly happywhen at that meeting participants from other universities, particularly from the middle belt and far north also volunteered to host us is 2018. This is a clear indication that the society is gaining more and more recognition. We owe this to you all.

The 8th annual conference held at the Federal University, Ndufu-Alike Ikwo last year, which was well attended, was a huge success. I would like to acknowledge the tremendous support given to the society by the Vice-Chancellor, staff and students of the university and specially thank members of the local organising committee headed by Professor Okwujiako for their high sense of responsibility and commitment in making all necessary preparations for the conference and ensuring its success.

Ladies and gentlemen, I am particularly happy that we are here safely at this nineth annual conference of our Society to exchange views on our research activities in the past year and put heads together on how to make our various communities and the entire nation benefit from our discipline particularly in line with this year’s conference theme: “FUNGI: A KEY TO FOOD SECURITY”.

There is no doubt that fungi play important role in bioresources development, particularly in food and agriculture, medicine, industry and environmental management.

From time immemorial fungi have been used by man as food and in food processing. Mushrooms collected from the wild have long been part of man’s diet. Over the time people have been able to identify the edible species which they pick and eat and even sell. They know the growing seasons and where to collect them. However, commercial mushroom farming, which has been going on in Europe,Asia and America for several decades, is now gradually gaining ground in Nigeria.

In the food industry both filamentous fungi and yeasts are used in the fermentation and processing of food items into various products with better aroma,better taste, more nutritious and with longer shelf life. These products include beer, wine, bread, cheeses etc. fungal lipases are also used in the production of baked foods, fruit juices cheeses etc.

Since its inauguration in Ado-Ekiti, other universities that have hosted the annual conference of the Society include; University of Ibadan, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, University of Calabar, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, University of Benin and now FUNAI.

In agriculture, fungi play an important role in increasing soil fertility through the production of an array of enzymes that break down dead organic matter in the soil, releasing the nutrients for plant growth and crop production. They are actively involved in nutrient recycling, a process on which continuity of life on earth depends. Some fungi also form symbiotic association (mycorrhiza) with the roots of plants whereby they absorb nutrients from the soil and make these available to the plant for good growth and yield. In addition, some fungi produce antimicrobial substances antagonistic to plant pathogenic microorganisms, thereby protecting the roots of crops from infection by pathogens.

Treatment of animal feed materials with fungal cellulases and other hydrolytic enzymes is practised to improve their nutritive values, resulting in better digestability, weight gain and milk production.

On the other hand, however, fungi have been found to post great threat to foodsecurity. The pathogenic forms attack the crops in the field considerably reducing their yield, while the saprophytic forms attack the harvested crops in storage, resulting in their deterioration and considerable loss. In finding solution to these problems, biological control option should also be considered rather than chemical alone. Through application of biotechnology you should be able to develop disease resistant varieties of crops that can stand the test of time. You should also be able to produce bio-pesticides on commercial scale for the treatment of crops in the field and preservation of harvested crops in storage. These are much safer than the use of chemical pesticides. This is a challenge to you as mycologists.

Environmental pollution is another great threat to food security. An example that readily comes to mind here is the case in the Niger Delta Area of Nigeria where oil pollution has continued to deprive the inhabitants of adequate food production due to contamination of their farmlands and waters.The consequences of these, which include unrest, kidnapping and joblessness are what the country is still battling with today. The lead poisoning resulting from artisanal gold mining in the Niger State of Nigeria that led to the loss of many lives, death of cattle and decay of crops including yams on farmlands is another example. The clean-up of these areas can be achieved through bio-remediation using fungi and their allies, the bacteria, which are man’s greatest allies in the fight against environmental pollution. It is expected that more light would be thrown into these by participants as the conference proceeds.

In the meantime, I call on you mycologists to engaged in innovative research to enhance crop yield, storage, food processing etc, to ensure food security in the country because a country that cannot feed her people is not truly independent.

After eleven years of the existence of this society during which it has gained high recognition nationally and internationally, council has thought it was time to start awarding fellowships of the society to deserving members who have contributed immensely to the developmet of the society and experienced nonmembers who have distinguished themselves in the discipline of mycology and related fields nationwide. Hence council decided to set up a committee to consider and recommend to it those deserving members and non-members as the first set of awardees. This has been done and the award ceremony is slated to take place at this conference. May I say that it is not a once and for all award. Rather it will be done prestigiously periodically.

In conclusion, ladies and gentlemen, I, on behalf of the governing council of MYCOSON, wish to express the profound appreciation of the society to the Vice-Chancellor, the management, staff and students of Abia State University for hosting us and putting at our disposal the facilities needed to ensure the success of this conference. I also wish to thank Professor (Mrs) N.B. Onyike, the Chairperson of the Local Organising Committee and the entire members of the committee for the elaborate preparations they have made for this conference. Your efforts are highly appreciated.

It gives me special pleasure to express my appreciations to members of the governing council of the society for their unflinching support and cooperation which I have always enjoyed and for their dedication and tremendous contributions to the smooth running of the society.

Ladies and gentlemen, I welcome you once more to this conference and urge you to participate fully in all the conference deliberations throughout the durations of the conference.

Thank you

Professor B.A. Oso

From The Editor-in-Chief

The 10th volume of The Nigerian Journal of Mycology has come out again in its usual manner to show case the various aspects of mycology and has also maintained its currency and timely nature. Our promise not to fail the Society and Scientific Community has been upheld since the inauguration of the Society about 12 years ago.

The quality of the articles in the journal attests to the quality of the membersbip of the Editorial Board and the focus of MYCOSON. The ability of the journal to cover the diverse disciplines of Mycology has increased the rush and interests in the journal. The maiden edition which ushered in the challenge to many researchers and scientists to showcase their findings and bring to light the advent of this new journal, has made the journal, a renowned publication of our 12year-old Society- Mycological Society of Nigeria. (MYCOSON)

As usual this 9th volume touches on various aspects of Mycology as it affects mankind. The diverse aspects of mycology in both animal and plants as well as its impact on the applied human and plant aspects of the living things are contained here.

Let me seize this opportunity to advise and encourage our Authors to always adhere strictly to the informations in the authors’ guide to lessen our bording during processing and publication of the journal.

We express our appreciation in the confidence we enjoy from the entire Society.

Thank you.

Professor D.B. Olufolaji.

(Editor-in-Chief)

EDITOR-IN CHIEF

Prof. D. B. Olufolaji

Dept. of Crop Soil and Pest Management

Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria

email: tundeolufolaji@gmail.com, dolufolaji@ymail.com

ASSOCIATE EDITORS

Prof. A. K. Onifade

Dept. of Microbiology,

Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria

email: profonifade@yahoo.com

Dr. Arotupin

Dept. of Microbiology Federal University of Technology, Akure. Nigeria.
e-mail: daniel_juwon@yahoo.com

Prof. O.A. Enikuomehin

Dept. of Crop Protection,University of Agriculture, Abeokuta. Ogun State. Nigeria.
e-mail: adeenikuomehin@yahoo.com

DISCLAIMER
Every effort made by the publishers and the Editorial Board to see that no inaccurate or misleading date, opinion or statement appear in this journal. However, they wish to make it clear that the data, opinions and statements appearing in the articles and advertisements herein are the sole responsibility of the contributor or advertise concerned. Therefore the Publishers, the editorial Board, the Editor-in-chief and the consulting/ Associate Editors and their respective employees, officers and agents accept no responsibility or liability whatsoever for the consequences and any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or statement.